(literally the place of martyrdom) is the second largest city in Iran
and a holy city in the world. It is located 850 kilometers east of
Tehran, at the center of the Razavi Khorasan Province close to the
borders of Afghanistan and Turkmenistan. Mashhad has a population of
almost 3 million consisting mainly of people of Iranian descent.
the city is located in the valley of the Kashaf River near
Turkmenistan, between the two mountain ranges of Binalood and
Hezar-masjed. The city benefits from the proximity of the mountains,
having very cold winters, pleasant springs, mild summers, and beautiful
of the largest cities in Iran, Mashhad is an important transportation,
commercial, manufacturing, and religious center situated in a productive
region. Handwoven carpet is the traditional industry; other products
include textiles, chemicals, pharmaceuticals, and processed food. The
shrine of Imam Reza (PBUH), regarded by Shia Muslims as one of Iran's
holiest places, attracts more than 20 million tourists and pilgrims
every year. Today the holy shrine and its museum hold one of the most
extensive cultural and artistic treasuries of Iran, in particular
manuscript books, jewelry, and paintings.
is a city that abounds with academic institutions; namely, Ferdowsi
University of Mashhad, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Islamic
Azad University, Payame Noor University of Mashhad, Imam Reza
University, Khayyam Institute of Higher Education, Sajjad Institute of
Higher Education, and Razavi University of Islamic Studies.
from Imam Reza (PBUH) shrine, there are a number of beautiful large
parks, the tombs of historical sites in nearby Tus and Neyshabour, the
tomb of Nadir Shah, Kooh Sangi park and Mellat park which have modern
attractions for children such as the biggest ferris wheel in Iran, and
Koohestan Park-e-Shadi complex that includes a zoo which attracts many
visitors to Mashhad. Among
the other sights is the tomb of the great poet Ferdowsi in Tus, 24
kilometers away from Mashhad. The summer resorts at Torghabeh, Torogh,
Akhlamad, Zoshk, and Shandiz are all other places of interest.